History of Pflugerville, Texas. The town is known for its natural beauty and high quality of life. Located in East Central Texas, Pflugerville is located just 18 miles from downtown Austin, the state capital of Texas. The Greater Austin metropolitan area has a population of 2 million people making it the 14th largest metropolitan area in the United States. Enjoy all that Pflugerville, Texas has to offer. Discover the best things to do in Pflugerville, Austin for your next getaway.